Music can impact us in so many unique ways — it can conjure up nostalgic memories and lighten our moods, and it can reduce stress and help us connect with one another. This is true for behavioral health professionals and clients alike, which is why it makes sense to incorporate music when it comes to improving overall mental health.

At its core, music therapy is grounded in the principle that music has the potential to affect us on multiple levels – physically, emotionally, cognitively, and socially. Unlike traditional talk therapy, which primarily relies on verbal communication, music therapy offers a holistic approach to healing that engages the whole person. Music therapy can be integrated through different approaches, including:

  1. Receptive Music Therapy:
    In receptive music therapy, individuals passively listen to music selected by the therapist. This approach can help promote relaxation, reduce stress, and evoke emotional responses.
  2. Active Music Therapy:
    Active music therapy involves active participation in musical activities, such as playing instruments, singing, or improvising music. This hands-on approach can enhance self-expression, communication skills, and motor coordination.
  3. Songwriting Therapy:
    Songwriting therapy involves the creation of original songs as a means of self-expression and emotional release. Songwriting can provide individuals with a creative outlet for processing their thoughts and feelings and can be particularly beneficial for those struggling with trauma or grief.
  4. Guided Imagery and Music (GIM):
    Guided imagery and music combine music listening with verbal guidance to facilitate deep relaxation and exploration of inner experiences. GIM sessions typically involve listening to specially curated music playlists while engaging in guided imagery exercises.


The benefits of music therapy are wide-ranging and extend to various aspects of physical, emotional, and mental health. Through a diverse array of musical interventions and techniques, music therapy has demonstrated remarkable benefits for individuals experiencing conditions such as anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, PTSD, and schizophrenia. Some of the key benefits include:

  • Enhanced Emotional Expression: Music therapy provides individuals with a non-verbal outlet for expressing their emotions and feelings. Through music, patients can convey complex emotions that may be difficult to articulate verbally, fostering greater self-awareness and emotional insight.
  • Stress Reduction and Relaxation: Listening to calming music or engaging in musical activities can promote relaxation, reduce stress levels, and induce a sense of calmness and tranquility. Music therapy techniques such as deep breathing exercises paired with music can help regulate the autonomic nervous system and promote relaxation responses.
  • Improved Cognitive Function: Music has the power to engage multiple regions of the brain involved in memory, attention, and executive function. Research has shown that music therapy can improve cognitive function in individuals with neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, slowing cognitive decline and enhancing quality of life.
  • Social Connection and Interaction: Music has the unique ability to foster social connection and facilitate meaningful interactions between individuals. Group music therapy sessions provide opportunities for socialization, collaboration, and mutual support, helping individuals develop interpersonal skills and build relationships.
  • Pain Management: Music therapy has been shown to be an effective adjunctive therapy for managing pain and discomfort associated with various medical conditions and procedures. Music can help distract individuals from pain sensations, promote relaxation, and reduce the need for analgesic medications.
By exploring the diverse range of music therapy interventions and seeking out qualified professionals, individuals can unlock the healing potential of music and embark on a journey of self-discovery and transformation.

Music’s Positive Impact on Mental Health